Preparing Egypt Trip

Before Preparing Egypt Trip, you may need to get the following vaccinations and medications for vaccine-preventable diseases and other diseases you might be at risk for at your destination: (Note: Your doctor or health-care provider will determine what you will need, depending on factors such as your health and immunization history, areas of the country you will be visiting, and planned activities.) To have the most benefit, see a health-care provider at least 4–6 weeks before your trip to allow time for your vaccines to take effect and to start taking medicine to prevent malaria, if you need it.

Even if you have less than 4 weeks before you Preparing Egypt Trip, you should still see a health-care provider for needed vaccines, anti-malaria drugs and other medications and information about how to protect yourself from illness and injury while traveling.

Preparing Egypt Trip

Preparing Egypt Trip

CDC recommends

that you see a health-care provider who specializes in Travel Medicine.

Find a travel medicine clinic near you.

If you have a medical condition, you should also share your travel plans with any doctors you are currently seeing for other medical reasons.

If your travel plans will take you to more than one country during a single trip, be sure to let your health-care provider know so that you can receive the appropriate vaccinations and information for all of your destinations.

Long-term travelers, such as those who plan to work or study abroad, may also need additional vaccinations as required by their employer or school.

Although yellow fever

is not a disease risk in Egypt, the government requires some travelers arriving from countries with risk of yellow fever virus transmission to present proof of yellow fever vaccination.

If you will be traveling to Egypt from any country other than the United States, this requirement may affect you.

For specific requirement details, see Yellow Fever & Malaria Information, by Country. Be sure your routine vaccinations are up-to-date.

before Preparing Egypt Trip Check the links below to see which vaccinations adults and children should get.

Routine vaccines, as they are often called, such as for influenza, chickenpox (or varicella), polio, measles/mumps/rubella (MMR), and diphtheria/pertussis/tetanus (DPT) are given at all stages of life; see the childhood and adolescent immunization schedule and routine adult immunization schedule.

Routine vaccines are recommended even if you do not travel.

Although childhood diseases, such as measles, rarely occur in the United States, they are still common in many parts of the world.

A traveler who is not vaccinated would be at risk for infection. Vaccine-Preventable Diseases Vaccine recommendations are based on the best available risk information.

Please note that the level of risk for vaccine-preventable diseases can change at any time. Vaccination or Disease Recommendations or Requirements for Vaccine-Preventable Diseases Routine Recommended if you are not up-to-date with routine shots, such as measles/mumps/rubella (MMR) vaccine, diphtheria/pertussis/tetanus (DPT) vaccine, poliovirus vaccine, etc.

Hepatitis A or immune globulin (IG)

Recommended for all unvaccinated people traveling to or working in countries with an intermediate or high level of hepatitis A virus infection (see map) where exposure might occur through food or water.

Cases of travel-related hepatitis A can also occur in travelers to developing countries with “standard” tourist itineraries, accommodations, and food consumption behaviors.

Hepatitis B Recommended for all unvaccinated persons traveling to or working in countries with intermediate to high levels of endemic HBV transmission (see map), especially those who might be exposed to blood or body fluids, have sexual contact with the local population, or be exposed through medical treatment (e.g., for an accident).

Typhoid Recommended for all unvaccinated people traveling to or working in North Africa, especially if staying with friends or relatives or visiting smaller cities, villages, or rural areas where exposure might occur through food or water.

Rabies Recommended for travelers spending a lot of time outdoors, especially in rural areas, involved in activities such as bicycling, camping, or hiking.

Also recommended for travelers with significant occupational risks (such as veterinarians), for long-term travelers and expatriates living in areas with a significant risk of exposure, and for travelers involved in any activities that might bring them into direct contact with bats, carnivores, and other mammals.

Children are considered at higher risk because they tend to play with animals, may receive more severe bites, or may not report bites.

Items to Bring With You Medicines you may need:

The prescription medicines you take every day. Make sure you have enough to last during your trip.

Keep them in their original prescription bottles and always in your carry-on luggage.

Be sure to follow security guidelines, if the medicines are liquids.

Medicine for diarrhea, usually over-the-counter.

Note: Some drugs available by prescription in the US are illegal in other countries.

Check the US Department of State Consular Information Sheets for the country(s) you intend to visit or the embassy or consulate for that country(s).

If your medication is not allowed in the country you will be visiting, ask your health-care provider to write a letter on office stationery stating the medication has been prescribed for you.

Other items you may need: Iodine tablets and portable water filters to purify water if bottled water is not available.

See A Guide to Water Filters, A Guide to Commercially-Bottled Water and Other Beverages, and Safe Food and Water for more detailed information.

Sunblock and sunglasses for protection from harmful effects of UV sun rays. See Basic Information about Skin Cancer for more information.

Antibacterial hand wipes or alcohol-based hand sanitizer containing at least 60% alcohol.

To prevent insect/mosquito bites, bring: Lightweight long-sleeved shirts, long pants, and a hat to wear outside, whenever possible.

Flying-insect spray to help clear rooms of mosquitoes.

The product should contain a pyrethroid insecticide; these insecticides quickly kill flying insects, including mosquitoes.

Bed nets treated with permethrin, if you will not be sleeping in an air-conditioned or well-screened room and will be in malaria-risk areas.

Preparing Egypt Trip

For use and purchasing information, see Insecticide Treated Bed Nets on the CDC malaria site. Overseas, permethrin or another insecticide, deltamethrin, may be purchased to treat bed nets and clothes.

See other suggested over-the-counter medications and first aid items for a travelers’ health kit.

Note: Check the Air Travel section of the Transportation Security Administration website for the latest information about airport screening procedures and prohibited items.

Top of Page Other Diseases Found in North Africa Risk can vary between countries within this region and also within a country; the quality of in-country surveillance also varies.

The following are disease risks that might affect travelers; this is not a complete list of diseases that can be present.

Environmental conditions may also change, and up to date information about risk by regions within a country may also not always be available.

Dengue, filariasis, and leishmaniasis are other diseases carried by insects that also occur in parts of this region.

Protecting yourself against from insect bites will help to prevent these diseases.

Schistosomiasis, a parasitic infection, is found in fresh water in the region,especially in the Nile Delta and Valley; it is found focally in other countries.

Do not swim in fresh water (except in well-chlorinated swimming pools).

Other infections that tend to occur more often in longer-term travelers (or immigrants from the region) include tuberculosis, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C (prevalence > 15% in Egypt).

The World Health Organization declared Egypt a polio free country in March 2006.

Imported cases in neighboring countries have occasionally occurred.

Travelers should be aware of the serious health risks associated with visiting caves in certain areas of Africa.

These risks include infectious diseases spread by bats, such as Marburg hemorrhagic fever, rabies, and histoplasmosis.

CDC advises people not to enter any caves or mines where bats may live.

Avian influenza (H5N1) was found in poultry in Egypt in 2006; human cases and deaths were also reported.

Avoid all direct contact with birds, including domestic poultry (such as chickens and ducks) and wild birds and avoid places such as poultry farms and bird markets where live birds are raised or kept.

For a current list of countries reporting outbreaks of H5N1 among poultry and/or wild birds, view updates from the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE), and for total numbers of confirmed human cases of H5N1 virus by country see the World Health Organization (WHO) Avian Influenza website.

Top of Page Staying Healthy During Your Trip Prevent Insect Bites Many diseases, like malaria and dengue, are spread through insect bites.

One of the best protections is to prevent insect bites by: Using insect repellent (bug spray) with 30%-50% DEET.

Picaridin, available in 7% and 15% concentrations, needs more frequent application. There is less information available on how effective picaridin is at protecting against all of the types of mosquitoes that transmit malaria.

when Preparing Egypt Trip Wearing long-sleeved shirts, long pants, and a hat outdoors.

Remaining indoors in a screened or air-conditioned area during the peak biting period for malaria (dusk and dawn).

Sleeping in beds covered by nets treated with permethrin, if not sleeping in an air-conditioned or well-screened room.

Spraying rooms with products effective against flying insects, such as those containing pyrethroid. For detailed information about insect repellent use, see Insect and Arthropod Protection.

Prevent Animal Bites and Scratches Direct contact with animals can spread diseases like rabies or cause serious injury or illness.

Preparing Egypt Trip

It is important to prevent animal bites and scratches. Be sure you are up to date with tetanus vaccination.

Do not touch or feed any animals, including dogs and cats.

Even animals that look like healthy pets can have rabies or other diseases.

Help children stay safe by supervising them carefully around all animals.

If you are bitten or scratched, wash the wound well with soap and water and go to a doctor right away.

Preparing Egypt Trip

After Preparing Egypt Trip, be sure to tell your doctor or state health department if you were bitten or scratched during travel.

For more information about rabies and travel, see the Rabies chapter of the Yellow Book or CDC’s Rabies homepage.

For more information about how to protect yourself from other risks related to animals, see Animal-Associated Hazards.

Be Careful about Food and Water Diseases from food and water are the leading cause of illness in travelers.

Follow these tips for safe eating and drinking: Wash your hands often with soap and water, especially before eating.

If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand gel (with at least 60% alcohol). Drink only bottled or boiled water, or carbonated (bubbly) drinks in cans or bottles.

Avoid tap water, fountain drinks, and ice cubes.

If this is not possible, learn how to make water safer to drink.

Do not eat food purchased from street vendors.

Make sure food is fully cooked. Avoid dairy products, unless you know they have been pasteurized.

Diseases from food and water often cause vomiting and diarrhea.

Make sure to bring diarrhea medicine with you so that you can treat mild cases yourself.

Avoid Injuries Car crashes are a leading cause of injury among travelers.

Protect yourself from these injuries by: Not drinking and driving.

Wearing your seat belt and using car seats or booster seats in the backseat for children.

Following local traffic laws.

Wearing helmets when you ride bikes, motorcycles, and motor bikes.

Not getting on an overloaded bus or mini-bus.

Hiring a local driver, when possible.

Avoiding night driving.

Other Health Tips To avoid infections such as HIV and viral hepatitis do not share needles for tattoos, body piercing, or injections.

To reduce the risk of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases always use latex condoms.

To prevent fungal and parasitic infections, keep feet clean and dry, and do not go barefoot, especially on beaches where animals may have defecated.

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